Category: Helper Auxiliary Verbs

  • Managing to distribute all fliers with ~終える

    Grammar Explanation

    ご注文はうさぎですか? » Volume 1 » Page 8

    Cocoa encounters Syaro handing out fliers for her part-time shop. Syaro says she cannot return (to the shop) until she finishes handing out all the fliers.”

    シャロ:
    全部(ぜんぶ)(くば)()えるまで(かえ)ないわ」

    In this sentence, ()える is used because Syaro has to put in effort to complete the action. Rather than “when I finish handing out these fliers”, it has a connotation of “when I manage to finish”.

  • Managing to complete an action with ~終える

    To convey the completion of an action that required effort, ()える is attached to the stem of the verb.

    (more…)

  • Completing an action with ~終わる

    To convey the completion of an action, ()わる is attached to the stem of the verb.

    (more…)

  • Receiving a haunting with 〜れる

    Grammar Explanation

    ご注文はうさぎですか? » Volume 1 » Page 73

    After hearing Chiya’s ghost story, Cocoa is certain they’ll be haunted. (They will receive a haunting.)

    ココア:
    「ぜ…絶対(ぜったい)()()かれる…」

    ()()‘s negative stem is ()(). Append れる for ()()かれる.

  • Receiving an overtaking with 〜れる

    Grammar Explanation

    ご注文はうさぎですか? » Volume 1 » Page 39

    Chino watches as her “grandpa” bread is overtaken in growing by Cocoa’s and Chiya’s breads. (“Grandpa” received being overtaken by Cocoa’s and Chiya’s breads.)

    チノ:
    「おじいちゃんがココアさんと千夜さんに()かされました!」

    ()かす‘s negative stem is ()かさ. Append れる for ()かされる.

  • Receiving a held image with 〜れる

    Grammar Explanation

    ご注文はうさぎですか? » Volume 1 » Page 58

    Syaro is feeling down because a needless image of her has become held by Rize. (Syaro received a needless image being held by Rize.)

    リゼ:
    「リゼ先輩(せんぱい)余計(よけい)なイメージもたれた…」

    もつ’s negative stem is もた. Append れる for もたれる.

  • Receiving a request with 〜れる

    Grammar Explanation

    ご注文はうさぎですか? » Volume 1 » Page 93

    Rize says she does fortune telling when asked, but Chino does well at telling accurate fortunes. (When Rize receives a request by a customer.)

    リゼ:
    (たの)まれたらやってるけどチノの(うらな)よく()たるんだ」

    (たの)‘s negative stem is (たの). Append れる for (たの)まれる.

  • Receiving involvement with 〜れる

    Grammar Explanation

    ご注文はうさぎですか? » Volume 1 » Page 104

    If Chino defeats Chiya at chess, her prize for winning is for Cocoa to call her big sister. Cocoa, in the distance, asks why she’s being dragged into it. (Cocoa received being dragged in by Chino.)

    ココア:
    「なんで()()まれてるの!?」

    ()()‘s negative stem is ()(). Append れる for ()()まれる.

  • Receiving a biting with 〜れる

    Grammar Explanation

    ご注文はうさぎですか? » Volume 1 » Page 99

    While Cocoa thinks Syaro wants her to stay away, Chiya explains that when Syaro was little, she was bitten often by the shop’s rabbit Anko. (Syaro received bites by Anko.)

    千夜(ちや)
    (ちい)さい(ころ)あんこによくかじられて以来(いらい)ちょっと恐怖症(きょうふしょう)で…」

    (かじ)‘s negative stem is (かじ). Append れる for (かじ)られる.

  • Receiving a scolding with 〜れる

    Grammar Explanation

    ご注文はうさぎですか? » Volume 1 » Page 103

    Cocoa recalls how she used to swim in the public bath when she was younger. Syaro figures she must have been scolded often for it. (She would have received scolding by others.)

    シャロ:
    「それでよく(おこ)られたわよね」

    (おこ)‘s negative stem is (おこ). Append れる for (おこ)られる.

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