Completing an action with ~終わる

To convey the completion of an action, ()わる is attached to the stem of the verb.

Examples of ~終わる


In non-past tense, this means the action will (or will not) be completed. In past-tense, it means the action has (or has not) been completed.

()わる is typically attached to transitive verbs, but may also be attached to intransitive verbs.

See Also

  • When effort is required to complete an action, 終える is used.

Further Reading

  • Japanese Aspect: the Beginning, Middle, & End of Actions (
  • Kamiya, Taeko. “Describing Actions in the Present, Future, and Past” Japanese Sentence Patterns for Effective Communication, Kodansha, 2005, p. 99
  • Makino, Seiichi and Michio Tsutsui. “Main Entries.” A Dictionary of Basic Japanese Grammar, The Japan Times Ltd., 1989, pp. 362–363