Conjecture with ~らしい


らしい generally expresses conjecture based on what the speaker believes is reliable information they have heard, seen, or read.

Comparable words in English include “seems”, “looks like”, “apparently”, and “I heard”.

Examples of 〜らしい

Usage

As an auxiliary adjective, らしい may attach to a noun, adjective, or verb.

A preceding verb is plain form; may be in present, past, or present progressive tense; and may be affirmative or negative.

Related Grammar

そうだ differs in that it expresses a guess based on what the speaker sees, whereas らしい is based on what the speaker believes to be more reliable information.

Further Reading

  • Chino, Naoko. “Basic Pattern 46.” A Dictionary of Basic Japanese Sentence Patterns, Kodansha, 2000, p. 251
  • Kamiya, Taeko. “Expressing Conjecture and Hearsay, and Quoting People.” Japanese Sentence Patterns for Effective Communication, Kodansha, 2005, p. 227
  • Makino, Seiichi and Michio Tsutsui. “Main Entries.” A Dictionary of Basic Japanese Grammar, The Japan Times Ltd., 1989, pp. 373–374

Grammar Explanation

ご注文はうさぎですか? » Volume 1 » Page 49

Rize tells Cocoa she heard animals other than Tippy don’t take a liking to Chino.

リゼ:
「チノはティッピー以外(いがい)動物(どうぶつ)(なつ)かないらしい
ご注文はうさぎですか? » Volume 1 » Page 102

Rize says she heard the hot water here has a good effect on high blood pressure and joint pain.

リゼ:
「ここのお()高血圧(こうけつあつ)関節痛(かんせつつう)効果(こうか)があるらしい
,