Expectation with はず

はず expresses the expectation that something should or is sure to take place. It follows a verb or adjective and is often followed by だ.

はず is followed by なのに when things don’t turn out as expected. Variations of this are なんだけど, なのだが, and なのですが.

Examples of はず

Further Reading

  • How to use はず ( = hazu) (maggiesensei.com)
  • Using 「はず」 to describe an expectation (www.guidetojapanese.org)
  • Kamiya, Taeko. “Expressing Conjecture and Hearsay, and Quoting People.” Japanese Sentence Patterns for Effective Communication, Kodansha, 2005, p. 223
  • Makino, Seiichi and Michio Tsutsui. “Main Entries.” A Dictionary of Basic Japanese Grammar, The Japan Times Ltd., 1989, pp. 133–135