Expectation with はず

はず expresses the expectation that something should or is sure to take place. It follows a verb or adjective, and is often followed by だ.

はず is followed by なのに when things don’t turn out as expected. Variations of this are なんだけど, なのだが, and なのですが.

Further Reading

  • How to use はず ( = hazu) (maggiesensei.com)
  • Using 「はず」 to describe an expectation (www.guidetojapanese.org)
  • Kamiya, Taeko. “Expressing Conjecture and Hearsay, and Quoting People.” Japanese Sentence Patterns for Effective Communication, Kodansha, 2005, p. 223
  • Makino, Seiichi and Michio Tsutsui. “Main Entries.” A Dictionary of Basic Japanese Grammar, The Japan Times Ltd., 1989, pp. 133–135

Examples

Is the Order a Rabbit? » Volume 1 » Page 12 (Right) » Panel 2

香風(かふう)さんちってこの(ちか)はずなんだけど()ってる?」

“The Kafuu residence should be around here, but do you know of it?

Note the presence of なんだけど.

Is the Order a Rabbit? » Volume 1 » Page 13 (Left) » Panel 2

(だれ)いないはずなのに(だれ)()られているような」

“Even though I’m sure there isn’t anyone (here), I feel like I’m being watched by someone.”

Note the presence of なのに.

Is the Order a Rabbit? » Volume 1 » Page 78 (Right) » Panel 1

今日(きょう)夕飯(ゆうはん)はココアさんがシチューを(つく)ってくれるはず…」

“Cocoa-san should be making stew for dinner today.”