Modifying a noun

A noun may be modified by a noun, an adjective, or a verb clause.

Pattern: ⓃounなⓃoun

三ツ星カラーズ » Volume 1 » Page 3

Sacchan shows Yui an item she found that had fallen into their secret hideout:

Sacchan: 「(へん)なメガネ」

The noun (へん) (weird) is a modifier for メガネ (glasses).

As a basic sentence, 「メガネが(へん)だ」 (the glasses are weird) uses だ as a coupler. When the descriptive noun (へん) is used to modify メガネ, this だ becomes な.

Pattern: ⓃounのⓃoun

レンタルおにいちゃん » Volume 1 » Page 109

Since their family’s trip to the aquarium was cancelled, Kanami’s older brother bought sketch books and crayons for an alternative activity to cheer up his sister.

Brother: 「これにお(さかな)()()こうよ」

He suggests the two of them draw () (pictures). This word is modified by the noun お(さかな) (fish), to suggest they draw pictures of fish. The modifier の is used to separate the nouns.

Pattern: ⒶdjectiveⓃoun

美少女戦士セーラームーン » Kanzenban Release » Volume 1 » Page 10

After being late to school, Usagi is told to stand out in the hall. There, Usagi laments her situation.

Usagi:「んもーーっ か(よわ)(おんな)のコを廊下(ろうか)()せたわねっ」

She says to herself that an か(よわ)い (cute fragile) (おんな)のコ (girl) shouldn’t be made to stand out in the hall. Here, the adjective か(よわ)い modifies (おんな)のコ.

Pattern: ⒸlauseⓃoun

A clause ending in a verb may be used as a modifier for a noun.

ふらいんぐうぃっち » Volume 1 » Page 22

Chinatsu agrees to show Makoto the way to the nearby department store, but with a condition.

Chinatsu: 「あそこに()ってるドーナッツ…()ってくれるならいいよ」

Makoto must buy her a ドーナッツ (doughnut). However, it’s just not just any ドーナッツ. It’s modified by the clause, 「あそこに()ってる」 (sold at that place).

This clause-modified noun is the equivalent to: 「ドーナッツがあそこに()ってる」 (The doughnut is sold at that place.)