This and that with こそあど

The words これ, それ, あれ, and どれ are pronouns. They can be used in place of a noun for the topic or subject of a sentence. The replaced noun can be either a tangible object or an intangible concept.

これ refers to something near the speaker. Examples of これ.

それ refers to something near the listener. Examples of それ.

あれ refers to something which is away from both the speaker and the listener. Examples of あれ.

どれ is used to ask which of three or more items. (Pending examples.)