Japanese by Example
Learning through examples in manga

Expectation with はず

はず expresses the expectation that something should or is sure to take place. It follows a verb or adjective and is often followed by だ.

はず is followed by なのに when things don’t turn out as expected. Variations of this are なんだけど, なのだが, and なのですが.

Further reading


ご注文はうさぎですか? » Volume 1 » Page 78
ご注文はうさぎですか? » Volume 1 » Page 12
ご注文はうさぎですか? » Volume 1 » Page 13

Supplemental examples

ご注文はうさぎですか? » Volume 1 » Page 13

Further Reading

  • Kamiya, Taeko. "Expressing Conjecture and Hearsay, and Quoting People." Japanese Sentence Patterns for Effective Communication, Kodansha, 2005, p. 223
  • Makino, Seiichi and Michio Tsutsui. "Main Entries." A Dictionary of Basic Japanese Grammar, The Japan Times Ltd., 1989, pp. 133–135