Japanese by Example
Learning through examples in manga

Speaker's conviction with 〜た+つもり

つもり marks the speaker’s conviction for having done something when following a past-tense verb.

This is used when you thought you did something, but you actually didn’t.

Further reading


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Further Reading

  • Jay Rubin. "Tsumori and the Vanishing Beefsteak." Making Sense of Japanese, Kodansha, 2002, pp. 101–103
  • Makino, Seiichi and Michio Tsutsui. "Main Entries." A Dictionary of Basic Japanese Grammar, The Japan Times Ltd., 1989, pp. 503–506