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Completing an action with 〜終わる

To convey the completion of an action, ()わる is attached to the stem of the verb.


In non-past tense, this means the action will (or will not) be completed. In past-tense, it means the action has (or has not) been completed.

()わる is typically attached to transitive verbs, but may also be attached to intransitive verbs.

See also

  • When effort is required to complete an action, 終える is used.
  • When an action is started, 出す is used.

Further reading


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Further Reading

  • Kamiya, Taeko. "Describing Actions in the Present, Future, and Past." Japanese Sentence Patterns for Effective Communication, Kodansha, 2005, p. 99
  • Makino, Seiichi and Michio Tsutsui. "Main Entries." A Dictionary of Basic Japanese Grammar, The Japan Times Ltd., 1989, p. 362–363